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Webs of Corruption: Trafficking and Terrorism in Central Asia (with Lawrence Markowitz)

          Columbia University Press, May 2019

                    Book Press

Review: Journal of Peace Research, August 2019, by Pavel K. Baev

Review: International Affairs, Volume 96, Issue 1, January 2020, pp 252-253, by Anja Mihr

Review: Terrorism and Political Violence, Volume 33, Issue 8, pp 1810-1811, 2021, by Lucien Frary

Interview: Untangling Webs of Corruption: Trafficking and Terrorism in Central Asia
          The Diplomat, Catherine Putz, 9 October 2019

Blog: "Beneath the ‘Crime-Terror Nexus": Local Power Struggles, Competition over Resources, and Corrupt State (with Lawrence Markowitz)
          Owl in the Olive Tree, Minerva Research Initiative, 6 December 2019


Democracy in Central Asia? Competing Perspectives and Alternative Strategies

          University Press of Kentucky, 21 July 2015

                    Book Press

Review: Choice, Volume 53, Issue 4, 2015, by R.W. Olson

Review: Democratization, Volume 23, Issue 6, pp 1097-1099, 2015, by Christopher H. Stefes

Review: Europe-Asia Studies, Volume 68, Issue 5, pp 950-951, 2016, by Adam Lenton

Review: International Affairs, Volume 93, Issue 2, pp 493-494, 2017, by Ivar Dale

                                         Review: Central Asian Survey, Volume 36, Issue 4, pp 583-585, 2017, by Aliya Tskhay

                                         Interview: Competing Perspectives on Democracy in Central Asia
                                                  The Diplomat, Catherine Putz, 26 August 2015


Nationalism and Identity Construction in Central Asia: Dimensions, Dynamics, and Directions

          Lexington Press, Editor, December 2014

                    Book Press

Review: Europe-Asia Studies, Volume 68, Issue 5, pp 950-951, 2016, by Julie Gerlach

Review: Central Asian Survey, Volume 35, Issue 4, pp 577-578, 2016, by Diana T. Kudaibergenova


Counterterrorism Policies in Central Asia

          Routledge, 2011

                    Awarded the Outstanding Academic Title by Choice

                    Book Press

Review: Central Asian Survey, Volume 31, Issue 1, pp 108-109, 2012, by Stephen Blank

Journal Articles and Peer-Reviewed Research Reports


A “Good” Samaritan? The Geopolitics of Russia’s Covid-19 Assistance

          Canadian Journal of European and Russian Studies, Volume 61, Issue 1, pp 1-23, 2023

A Framework for Explaining P/CVE Programs: A Case Study of Kazakhstan (with Anastassiya Reshetnyak)

          Studies in Conflict and Terrorism, 2022

COVID-19 in Central Asia: (De-)Securitization of a Health Crisis (with Lawrence Markowitz)

          Problems of Post-Communism, Volume 69, Issue 1, pp 92-102, 2022

Rethinking Intersections of Crime and Terrorism: Insights from Political Economies of Violence (with Lawrence Markowitz)

          International Studies Review, Volume 23, Issue 4, December 2021

Human Trafficking-Terrorism Nexus: When Violent Non-State Actors Engage in the Modern-Day Slavery (with Nazli Avdan)

          Journal of Conflict Resolution, Volume 65, Issue 9, October 2021

Repression Trap: The Mechanisms of Escalating State Violence in Russia

          Center for Strategic and International Studies, Report, July 2021

Pandemic Politics in Eurasia: Roadmap for a New Research Subfield (with Marlene Laruelle and others)

          Problems of Post-Communism, Volume 68, Number 1, pp 1-16, 2021

Economic Crises and Terrorism: Analyzing Competing Economic Pressures on Terrorism in Russia (with Clayton Webb)

          Journal of Global Security Studies, Volume 6, Number 3, 2021

When Does the Crime-Terror Nexus Fail to Materialize? Drug Trafficking, Militants, and the State in Russia (with Lawrence Markowitz)

          Journal of Global Security Studies, Volume 6, Issue 2, pp 1-19, June 2021

Democratic or Cultural Peace?: Examining the Joint Democratic Peace Proposition through the Lens of Shared Emancipative Values (with Brittnee Carter)

          European Journal of International Security, Volume 4, Issue 1, pp 1-19, 2019

Does Drug Trafficking Impact Terrorism? Afghan Opioids and Terrorist Violence in Central Asia (with Lawrence P. Markowitz)

          Studies in Conflict and Terrorism, Volume 42, Number 12, 2019

Kazakhstan’s Multi-Vectorism and Sino-Russian Relations (with Ruoxi Du)

          Insight Turkey, Volume 20, Number 4, pp 95-110, 1 October 2018

Liberalism and Religion: Amplifiers of War between Democratic and Non-Democratic States? (with Brittnee Carter)

          Democracy & Security, Volume 14, Number 3, pp 300-319, 2018

Disciplined and Undisciplined Repression: Illicit Economies and State Violence in Central Asia’s Autocracies (with Lawrence Markowitz)

          Post-Soviet Affairs, Volume 36, Number 6, pp 367-383, 2018

Covert Operations, Wars, Detainee Destinations, and the Psychology of Democratic Peace (with Chris Crandall, Ryan Beasley, and Owen Cox)

          Journal of Conflict Resolution, 2018, Volume 68, Number 5, pp 929-956, May 2018

Religion and Politics: Examining the Impact of Faith on Political Participation (with Ranya Ahmed) – Abstract

          Religion, State & Society, Volume 46, Issue 1, pp 4-25, 21 August 2018

A New Russian Holiday Has More Behind It Than National Unity: the Political Functions of Historical Commemorations – Abstract

          Australian Journal of Politics and History, Volume 63, Issue 3, pp 430-442, 12 September 2017

                                         Special Issue: Centenary (Inter)national, 1914-1924: The Commemoration and Historical Memory in International Relations

Military Aid and Human Rights: Assessing the Impact of U.S. Security Assistance Programs on Civilians’ Rights in the Situations of Conflict (with Brittnee Carter and Luke Campbell)

          Political Science Quarterly, Volume 132, Number 1, pp 119-144, Spring 2017

Critical Geopolitics on Russian Foreign Policy: Uncovering the Imagery of Moscow’s International Relations – Abstract

          International Politics, Volume 53, Issue 6, pp 708-726, 22 September 2016

Authoritarian Legitimation: Assessing Discourses of Legitimacy in Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan

          Central Asian Survey, Volume 35, Number 4, pp 481-500, 2016

An Unending Quest for Russia’s Place in the World: The Discursive Co-Evolution of the Study and Practice of International Relations in Russia (with Lidiya Zubytska)

          New Perspectives: Interdisciplinary Journal of CEE Politics & IR, Volume 24, Number 1, 2016

This Isn’t Your Usual Obstacle Course: Critical Pedagogy with Special Operations Forces (with Shannon O’Lear, Thomas Heilke, and Eric Hanley)

          Geoforum, Volume 75, pp 159-167, October 2016

Islam and Power Legitimation: Instrumentalisation of Religion in Central Asian States

          Contemporary Politics, Volume 22, Issue 2, pp 144-163, 2016

Competing Perspectives on Democracy and Democratization: Assessing Alternative Models of Democracy Promoted in Central Asian States

          Cambridge Review of International Affairs, Volume 27, Number 4, December 2014

Terrorism in Central Asia: Dynamics, Dimensions, and Source

          Education About Asia, Volume 18, Number 3, Winter 2013

Russia’s Foreign Policy Toward Iran: A Critical Geopolitics Perspective 

          Journal of Balkan and Near Eastern Studies, Volume 14, Issue 3, pp 331-344, 10 October 2012

Natural Disasters: Triggers of Political Instability? 

          International Interactions, Volume 37, Issue 4, pp 441-465, 30 November 2011

Islam in Kazakhstan: A Survey of Trends and Conditions for Securitization

          Central Asia Survey, Volume 30, Number 2, pp 243-256, June 2011

Between Commitment and Pragmatism: Assessing International Influence on Human Rights Practices in Georgia

          Journal of Human Rights, Volume 9, Number 4, pp 445-466, 2010

Ethnic Dimension of Religions Extremism and Terrorism in Central Asia

          International Political Science Review, Volume 31, Issue 2, pp 167-186, 2010

Security Rights Violations in the Context of Counterterrorism: Analysis of the Post-Soviet Nations

          The International Journal of Human Rights, Volume 14, Issue 2, pp 166-188, 2010

Convergence of Counterterrorism Policies: A Case Study of Kyrgyzstan and Central Asia

          Studies of Conflict and Terrorism, Volume 32, Issue 10, pp 893-908, 2009

Reference Group Perspective on State Behavior: A Case Study of Estonia’s Counterterrorism Policies

          Europe Asia Studies, Volume 61, Issue 3, pp 483-504, 9 April 2009

Combating Terrorism in Central Asia: Explaining Differences in States’ Responses to Terror

          Terrorism and Political Violence, Volume 19, pp 369-394, 2007.


Peer-Reviewed Chapters


The Oxford Handbook of Politics in Muslim Societies

     Chapter 20: Illicit Economies and Political Violence in Central Asia (with Lawrence Markowitz) – Abstract

          Oxford University Press, 2 September 2020

Strategic Assessment 2020: Into a New Era of Great Power Competition

     Part III: Geostrategic Interactions in a New Era

     Chapter 10: Rogues, Disrupters, and Spoilers in an Era of Great Power Competition (with Bryce Loidolt and James Przystup), pp 219-232

     ​Chapter 11: Counterterrorism in a New Era of Great Power Competition (with Dr. Zachary M. Abuza, R. Kim Gragin, and Hassan Abbas), pp 233-250

          National Defense University Press, 2020


Handbook of Russian Security Studies

     Chapter: Russia’s Regional and Global Counterterrorism Strategies: How Moscow’s Vision of the New Global Order Affects its Approach to Terrorism

          Routledge, pp 266-276, 2019


Routledge Handbook of Russian Foreign Policy

     Chapter: Russian Foreign Policy in Central Asia

          Routledge, pp 325-337, 2018


Routledge Handbook of Politics in Asia

     Part I: A Comprehensive Introduction to Comparative Asian Politics

     Chapter 5: The Fault Lines of Democratization in Central Asia

          Routledge, 2018


Central Asia in the Era of Sovereignty: The Return of Tamerlane?

     Chapter: Human Rights and Governance in Central Asia

          Lexington Books pp 57-80, 16 March 2018


Oxford Bibliographies in Political Science 

     Chapter: Democracy and Dictatorship in Central Asia – Abstract

          New York: Oxford University Press, 2013 (Revised: 2015 and 2018)


The Palgrave Handbook of Global Counterterrorism Policy

     Chapter: Russia’s Counterterrorism Policy: Variations on an Imperial Theme

          Palgrave, pp 515-534, 2017


Area Studies in the Global Era: Community, Place, Identity

     Chapter: The Multiple Faces of Islamic Rebirth in Central Asia

          Northern Illinois University Press, pp 143-158, 2015


Nationalism and Identity in Central Asia

     Chapter: Eye on the International Image: Turkmenistan’s Nation Branding

          Lexington Press, Editor, pp 91-110, 2014


The International Dimensions of Authoritarian Persistence in the Former Soviet Union

     Title: Central Asian Conceptions of “Democracy”: Ideological Resistance to International Democratization

          Lexington Press, pp 81-104, 2013


Foreign Policy in Comparative Perspective: Domestic and International Influences and State Behavior

     Chapter: Russian Foreign Policy

          CQ Press, pp 94-117, 25 April 2012


International Studies Online

     Chapter: Russian Security and Nuclear Policies: Successor to the Superpower Arsenal?

          Wiley-Backwell (in association with International Studies Association), 2011


21st Century Political Science: A Reference Handbook

     Chapter: Constructivism

          Sage Publications, 2010


The International Studies Encyclopedia

     Chapter: Reform in Russia and China: A Comparative Perspective (with John Kennedy) – Summary

          Blackwell Publishing, Vol. IX, pp 6134-6152, 2010

Book Reviews and Non-Peer Reviewed Articles

Review –​ The Russian Understanding of War: Blurring the Lines between War and Peace

     Author: Oscar Jonsson

          Joint Forces Quarterly, Volume 97, Issue 2, pp 112-113, April 2020

Review –​ The Credibility Challenge: How Democracy Aid Influences Election Violence

     Author: Borzyskowski

          Political Science Quarterly, Volume 135, Number 2, pp 332-333, Summer 2020

Review –​ The New Geopolitical Realities for Russia: From the Black Sea to the Mediterranean

     Editor: Nurşin Ateşoğlu Güney

         The Russian Review, Volume 79, Issue 2, pp 343-344, April 2020

Review –​ Russia Abroad: Driving Regional Fracture in Post-Communist Eurasia and Beyond

     Editor: Anna Ohanyan

          The Russia Review, Volume 78, Issue 3, pp 531-532, July 2019

Russian Policy in Syria and the Middle East: Termination, Delight, and Disappointment

     Part II: Russia's Military Involvement in Syria and its Impact

     Chapter: Russia in Syria: Reshaping the Global Order or Fighting Terrorism?

                                                      Central Asia Program Paper Number 212, George Washington University,19 January 2019

Review –​ Uzbekistan’s Foreign Policy: the Struggle for Recognition and Self-Reliance under Karimov

     Author: Teles Fazendeiro

          Central Asian Survey, Volume 38, Issue 1, 2019

Review –​ U.S. Foreign Policy and Muslim Women’s Human Rights

     Author: Kelly J. Shannon

          H-Net Reviews in the Humanities and Social Sciences, April 2018

Review –​ The Authoritarian Public Sphere: Legitimation and Autocratic Power in North Korea, Burma, and China

     Author: Alexander Dukalskis 

           Review of Politics, Volume 80, Issue 1, pp 189-192, Winter 2018

Review –​ Kyrgyzstan Beyond “Democracy Island” and “Failing State”: Social and Political Changes in a Post-Soviet Society

     Editors: Marlene Laruelle and Johan Engvall 

                                                      Slavic Review, Volume 76, Number 1, pp 246-247, 2017

Review –​ Russia’s Foreign Policy: Ideas, Domestic Politics and External Relations

     Editors: David Cadier and Margot Light

          European Review of International Studies, Volume 4, Number 1, pp 90-92, 2017

Review –​ Eurasia 2.0: Russian Geopolitics in the Age of New Media

     Editors: Mikhail Suslov and Mark Bassin

          The Russian Review, Volume 76, Number 1, pp 194-195, 2016


Countering Violent Extremism: Developing an evidence-base for policy and practice

     Chapter 6: Terrorism/Crime Nexus in Central Asia: Implications for Countering Violent Extremism and Terrorism

          Countering Violent Extremism: Developing an evidence-base for policy and practice, pp 47-54, 2015

Review –​ The Transformative Power of Deliberation: When Ethnic Protests Lead to Democratization

     Author: Sherrill Stroschein

          International Studies Review, Volume 15, Number 4, pp 631-633, December 2013

Review –​ Non-Governmental Organizations in World Politics: The Construction of Global Governance

     Author: Peter Willetts

          Human Rights Quarterly, Volume 34, pp 300-303, 2012

Failures and Prospects of Regional Organizations: Lessons from the Post-Soviet Space and Beyond (with Lidiya Zubytska)

          The Whitehead Journal of Diplomacy and International Affairs, Volume XIII, Number II, pp 97-102, 2012

Post-Soviet and Liberal Transitions: Wherefore, to What Effect, and How? – Extract

          International Studies Review, Volume 12, Issue 2, pp 305-308, 7 June 2010

Threats and Prospects in Combating Terrorism: A Challenge for Domestic or Transnational Cooperation  

     Series 2: Research Reports No. 41     

     Chapter 1: Russia’s Counterterrorism Legislation, Warts and All: Overview and Assessment of the Legal Framework for Combating Terrorism in the Russian Federation

          National Defence University (Helsinki, Finland), pp 1-20, 2009

Research-Based Policy Memos and Op-Eds

United We Stand (With Russia?) How Moscow’s Soft Power Shaped Views on the War

          PONARS Eurasia, Policy Memo Number 810, 14 November 2022

Fortress Ukraine

          PONARS Eurasia, Policy Exchange, 9 June 2022

Influencers, Echo Chambers, and Epistemic Bubbles: Russia’s Academic Discourse in the Wake of the War in Ukraine

          PONARS Eurasia, 31 May 2022

COVID-19 “Humanitarianism”: The Geopolitics of Russia's Coronavirus Assistance

          PONARS Eurasia, 13 December 2021

Kazakhstan-Russia Relations in the Wake of the January Unrest

          Russian Analytical Digest's, Special Issue on Russia's Invasion of Ukraine: First Assessments and Geopolitical Implications, No. 278, 1 March 2022

The Hidden Role of Organized Crime in Kazakhstan's Unrest 

          Political Violence At A Glance​, 14 January 2022

Asia and the “Global War on Terror”

           The Diplomat, Issue 82, 1 September 2021

The Shanghai Cooperation Organization and Afghanistan: Old Fears, Old Barriers to Counterterrorism Cooperation

          ISPI Think Tank, 26 August 2021

Central Asian Responses to COVID-19: Regime Legitimacy and [De]Securitization of the Health Crisis (with Lawrence Markowitz)

          PONARS Eurasia, Policy Memo Number 682, 1 March 2021  

Why Did Kyrgyz Voters Give Up Parliamentarism?

          The Diplomat, 12 January 2021

Washington’s Security Assistance to Kyiv: Improving Long-Term Returns on Military Investments in Ukraine

          PONARS Eurasia, Policy Memo Number 614, 27 September 2019 

The United States and Uzbekistan: Military-to-Military Relations in a New Era of Strategic Partnership,

          PONARS Eurasia, Policy Memo Number 605, 31 July 2019

The Impact of Economic Crisis on Counterterrorism Measures in Russia (in German)

          The Russland-Analysen, NR 370, 3 May 2019 

The Nature and Sources of Terrorist Threat in Russia: An “Armed Underground” or ISIL? (with Lawrence Markowitz)

          PONARS Eurasia, Policy Memo Number 550, 26 November 2018 

How Russia’s Economic Recession Benefits Moscow Politically in Its “Near Abroad”

          PONARS Eurasia, Policy Memo Number 522, 10 April 2018

U.S. Security Assistance to Central Asia: Examining Limits, Exploring Opportunities

          PONARS Eurasia, Policy Memo Number 487, 13 October 2017 

Eurasia’s CSTO and SCO: A Failure to Address the Trafficking/Terrorism Nexus

          PONARS Eurasia, Policy Memo Number 455, 31 January 2017

The U.S. has a long history of hacking other democracies (with Chris Randall and Ryan Beasley)

          Washington Post, Monkey Cage, 20 December 2016

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Uzbekistan. Stable Transition into Volatile Future 

          New Eastern Europe, 15 September 2016


Mariya Omelicheva about Democracy in Central Asia (in Russian)

          Central Asian Analytical Network, 16 September 2016

Religion has been used as a source of unity and peace but also a source of war and conflict

          PONARS Eurasia, 31 May 2016

Professor Develops Framework to Test How Governments Use Religion in Rhetoric 

          The University of Kansas, News, 26 May 2016

Russia’s ‘Checks and Balances’ On Kazakhstan’s Quest for Military Independence

          Russian Analytical Digest, Number 188, pp 5-10, 3 August 2016

A Trafficking-Terrorism Nexus in Central Asia

          The Diplomat, 30 June 2016

Interview – Competing Perspectives on Democracy in Central Asia

          The Diplomat, Catherine Putz, 26 August 2015

Is Russian Democracy Real Democracy?

          4 April 2014 2paragraphs

Other Publications and Research-Based Activities

Russia in Central Asia – Video

          PONARS Eurasia Online Academy, 9 December 2021

Russia’s Counterterrorism Policy – Video

          PONARS Eurasia Online Academy  

Understanding Organized Crime and Violence in Central Asia (with Lawrence Markowitz)

          Special Report prepared for the United States Institute of Peace, June 2021

How Central Asia Understands Democracy – Introduction

          New Eastern Europe, Issue 6, pp 25-30, 31 October 2017

Islamist Activity in Kazakhstan

          World Almanac of Islamism, American Foreign Policy Council, 2017

After Beslan: Changes in Russia’s Counterterrorism Policy

          e-International Relations, 15 October 2012

Russia’s Counterterrorism Policy: Variations on an Imperial Theme

          Perspectives on Terrorism, Volume 3, Number 1, pp 3-10, April 2009


Manuscripts and Proposals Reviewed


Georgetown University Press

The University Press of Kentucky

Palgrave McMillan

Columbia University Press

The Rowman & Littlefield Publishing Group

Lexington Press


American Undergraduate Journal of Politics and Government

Asian Security

British Journal of Political Science

Central Asian Survey

Comparative Political Studies

Comparative Politics


Contemporary Politics

Europe-Asia Studies

International Studies Perspectives

International Political Science Review

International Politics

Journal of Politics

Journal of Global Security Studies

Journal of Political Science Education

Journal of International Relations and Development

Journal of Intervention and State-Building

Journal of Peace Research

Nationalities Papers

Political Research Quarterly

Problems of Post-Communism

Public Policy and Administration

Religion, State and Society

Studies in Conflict and Terrorism

Terrorism and Political Violence

Grant Agencies

United States Institute of Peace

Minerva Initiative

National Science Foundation

National Center of Science and Technology Evaluation, Kazakhstan

The Austrian Science Fund

The Republic of Georgia Shota Rustaveli National Science Foundation

Interviews and Commentaries


Harper’s Magazine

Deutsche Welle


Trouw, Dutch Daily Newspaper


The Atlantic

Roll Call

CBC News

The French Daily

TRT World

Doxa, Russian-Language Independent Outlet 

The Voice of America

WHYY, Philadelphia’s NPR Affiliate

KMBC radio (Kansas City)

6News (Lawrence, KS)

WIBW radio (Topeka, KS)

Kansas City Star (Newspaper)

41News (Kansas City)

Last Refuge Radio (New York, NY)

Lawrence Journal World

The University Daily Kansan

Central Standard, KCUR 89.3FM – Kansas City Public Media


Central Asian Analytical Network